How to make a steamless kettle, is the design challenge I am considering.
Disadvantages of a normal kettle is water turns to steam.
Water that has turned to steam is a waste of water.
Designing a steam free kettle would save water.
The obvious way is to heat the water to just under boiling point.
But I want to design a kettle that reaches boiling point.
Consider the radiator cooling system of a conventional petrol or diesel vehicle.
The vehicles cooling system is a pressurised system.
Pressurising the system allows the coolant to have a higher boiling point.
to be continued…